A series of 1‐thia‐4‐azaspiro[4.5]decan‐3‐ones bearing an amide group at C‐4 and various substitutions at C‐2 and C‐8 were synthesized and evaluated against human coronavirus and influenza virus. Compounds7m,7n,8k,8l,8m,8n, and8pwere found to inhibit human coronavirus 229E replication. The most active compound wasN‐(2‐methyl‐8‐tert‐butyl‐3‐oxo‐1‐thia‐4‐azaspiro[4.5]decan‐4‐yl)‐3‐phenylpropanamide (8n), with an EC50value of 5.5 µM, comparable to the known coronavirus inhibitor, (Z)‐N‐[3‐[4‐(4‐bromophenyl)‐4‐hydroxypiperidin‐1‐yl]‐3‐oxo‐1‐phenylprop‐1‐en‐2‐yl]benzamide (K22). Compound8nand structural analogs were devoid of anti‐influenza virus activity, although their scaffold is shared with a previously discovered class of H3 hemagglutinin‐specific influenza virus fusion inhibitors. These findings point to the 1‐thia‐4‐azaspiro[4.5]decan‐3‐one scaffold as a versatile chemical structure with high relevance for antiviral drug development.
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